Category Archives: News

Learn Spanish with SILKNOW

La Ruta de la Seda (The Silk Road)

La Ruta de la Seda (The Silk Road) educational material has been specially designed for learning Spanish through different aspects related to silk in Europe. The aim of its publication in the SILKNOW portal is to disseminate our cultural heritage and to highlight the cultural exchange that the production and trade of silk involved and still involves.

The material can be used by B1-level students of Spanish seeking autonomous learning and also by teachers for work within a course, in the classroom, or outside it. La Ruta de la Seda consists of four units related to the Silk Road and the traces it has left in our history and our present:

  1. The cities of the Silk Road
  2. History of silk in Europe
  3. Processes and creation of silk
  4. History of fashion

Each unit can be worked on independently, involves approximately three hours of work and includes three chapters and a total of 18 interactive activities to learn various cultural contents, broaden the lexical repertoire and consolidate grammatical competence.

The activities have been developed in various dynamics such as dragging, colouring, multiple choice questions, writing, relating, etc. It offers automatic feedback that allows the students to know if they have done the activity correctly, and if required, they can always access the automatic correction system, where the solution to the activity is provided. At the end of each topic, the students have access to a self-evaluation activity to review the most relevant contents. Likewise, the platform offers an automatic follow-up system that shows the students what they have done and what is left to be done, and places them at the point they were when they left the last session. These characteristics make this material ideal for autonomous work.

The material has been developed by Silknow researchers of the University of Valencia (Universitat de València), which has relied on the developers of the company ALTEN,  and in collaboration with Instituto Cervantes, which has provided advice on the design and revision process, and has piloted it in its network of centres. We would like to thank the students and teachers of the Cervantes Institute centres in Belo Horizonte, Bucharest, Cairo, Lyon, Oran, Sao Paulo and Warsaw for their participation in the piloting of this material.

La Ruta de la Seda is freely accessible through

Information for teachers. Table of contents.

I found it so interesting that I started watching the “Marco Polo” series on Netflix.

I liked the cultural content and discovering new things about cities I had visited in my travels.

Combination between texts with many new words and grammar

Students who participated in the pilot

This is a subject little known to my students, besides being a very dynamic, interactive and fun language learning experience…

Attractive, fun, cultural, enriching material

Teachers who participated in the pilot

Information in Spanish

New version of the Virtual Loom

We have launched a new version (v1.00) of the Virtual Loom. This version is available as a desktop app and can be downloaded either for MAC users or Windows.

Screenshot of the new version (v1.00) of the Virtual Loom

New features and improvements are:

  • It has more help issues to users
  • A new splash screen
  • A new weave viewer
  • New visual appearance to improve user experience
  • Weaves selection menu improved
  • Weaves & yarns revised
  • 3D navigation has been revised & improved
  • Language menu

Download the desktop version for MAC or WINDOWS

Working with design schools

During the very first days of October 2020 we have continued our dissemination tasks with design schools and students.

We have presented to EASD colleagues, in València, our almost finished tools as the Thesaurus, the Virtual Loom and our prospective website where all the collections we have worked with would be available. During their creative process and during the academic year, they would use and work on the basis of our tools.

After explaining all the tools, we encouraged the students to take a look on them, use them, and evaluate them in order to improve the user’s experience.

As we consider silk as alive heritage, we started a very interesting conversation on how all the compiled knowledge, methods, processes, etc. could motivate and inspire new creative professionals with the aim of valuing the silk tradition and importance and on how to spread the word into society.

We visited Sedica, in Moncada

Following our aims of generating a net of professionals around the silk heritage, we visited Sedica, a fabric enterprise located in Moncada, València (Spain).

We could experience at first hand their exquisite work on silk fabric, their innovative process and final results.

Their priorities are to study and use the historical designs, keeping alive the heritage.

Furthermore, we had a final meeting with some plastic & digital artists who are interested in the methods and processes of silk fabric construction.

Weaving words. Creating a Silk Heritage Thesaurus

If it does not have a name, it does not exist 

The cultural heritage domain is characterized by large, rich and heterogeneous data sets, while institutions in charge of preserving the world’s memory strive to obtain controlled vocabularies based on their own collections. The result is multitudes of vocabularies in different languages that are difficult to standardize.  This problem increases when dealing with textile records and specifically with silk ones, which comes from multiple sources that have been mixed up across time and space. Moreover, it changes according to specialties (weavers or historians), nationalities (Europe or North America), or disciplines (ethnographic specialists versus art historians), etc. For example, local variations of a term are rarely taken into account (e.g. espolín has different meanings in some regions of Spain). This has led to the use of different terminology in specialized organizations in order to describe their artifacts. This makes data interoperability very difficult between independent catalogues. Among that, the interaction level of existing resources is low, complex queries are not possible and results are poorly shown.  

To meet these challenges, SILKNOW has built a multilingual thesaurus in four languages: Spanish, French, English and Italian, dedicated to the specific vocabulary of historic silk textiles, which also includes local term variants. It collects more than 800 terms that not only come from academic and historical sources but also from oral history, as knowledge coming from weavers is something that SILKNOW intends to preserve. Terms that can be found include silk weaving techniques, designs, looms, costumes, etc.

The thesaurus, freely accessible and free for users, offers a specific controlled silk vocabulary, which did not exist until now, since there were only some thesaurus on fabrics of all types and some others of private nature. It is geared to researchers, students and cultural heritage professionals. For example, a researcher may use the thesaurus to connect terms that she or he could have found in historical documentation, providing updated, standard naming for these terms. In addition, when planning exhibitions, a curator often needs to either write the exhibition catalogue or ask for a loan to another museum. In these cases, artworks coming from other countries can be identified in their vernacular languages. Having a thesaurus will help curators to standardize terminology. Art history and conservation students will be familiarized with a variety of textile terms. 

The thesaurus will help heritage institutions to provide access to and preserve silk heritage in the digital environment. Participating and collaborating institutions will radically improve their cataloging practices and digital data retention. Therefore, the thesaurus will serve as an example of the benefits of shared cataloging frameworks and data interoperability.

If you are an institution dedicated to the conservation, preservation and dissemination of silk heritage, we encourage you to use our thesaurus, and we will be happy to hear from you in this survey!


Silk Heritage and Digital Technologies

30 November 2020 – 4 December 2020

The aim of this international conference is to spread current research about historic fabrics together with the latest technology applied to cultural heritage. The forum will merge professionals from different areas as museums, tourism, creative industries, innovative hubs, universities, etc. where heritage and technology are the junction points.  
A further goal is to generate a collaborative code of practices to promote defence and safeguarding of textile heritage. It should include methodologies on cataloguing and inventory that will increase the cooperation among institutions to share data and provide open access to it.

We invite researchers and professors from the academic area, undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph.D. students; private companies related to tourism, creative industries, arts, crafts and traditional industries; fashion professionals and business-related to the silk industry to submit your abstracts.


  • TOPIC 1: Information Technologies (ICT) and textile heritage communication
  • TOPIC 2: Silk Museums
  • TOPIC 3: Creative Industries & Social Innovation applied to Silk Heritage
  • TOPIC 4: Sustainable Tourism applied to Silk Heritage 
  • TOPIC 5: Conservation and Restoration of Silk Heritage

Instructions – Call for papers

All participants are invited to submit their proposals before 30 October 2020, specifying the group/topic in which the paper or poster is addressed to. Proposals must include the following information:

  1. Abstract (maximum 10 lines)
  2. Keywords (between 5 and 7)
  3. Name, surname and e-mail of the authors
  4. Institutional affiliation of the authors (name, postal address and telephone)

The contribution must be original and must have not been previously presented to any other meeting or submitted for publication. The paper must be submitted by e-mail attachment to the conference secretariat:

The paper prepared according to the template should be prepared in English or Spanish language. The Scientific Committee will review all papers and will send the acceptance as oral presentation or poster. The volume will be published by Universitat de València.

Please send your abstract to:

Deadline: 30 October 2020

More information:

Fashion and silk heritage

Silk has been present throughout the history of fashion. The most luxurious models and the courts dressed in such precious material.

The concept of fashion emerged during the Renaissance as we understand it nowadays, introducing new genres and acquiring more and more professionalism. Pleats, vertical fabric droppings, embroidery decorations, rich trimmings and elaborated lace predominated. In the 16th century, short pants were like knickerbockers, and the doublet and ornaments such as the ruff were still used. The corset along with skirts of great volume appeared in women’s outfits.

In the 17th century, sober & austere forms predominated, because of religious influence. The cloth was the most used material, and silk was only affordable by the upper classes. The doublet evolved into a jacket, with the collar of lace starched flounces, and the breach lengthened and fell under high boots.

In France, Louis XIV’s court favoured haute couture, beginning to dictate fashion’s evolution at the European level. At that moment, the tie appeared, initially in a bow’s form, tied around the neck. The morning suite also appeared with a long-fitted jacket with a flared bottom.

The French Revolution supposed more uniformity in the way of dressing, with short jackets and long pants for men. For women bodices, round skirts and cloth shawls. The lead on fashion moved to England, where men wore morning suits with wide and turned-down necks, knee-length shorts, and top hat. Women abandoned the corset and crinoline and inspired their outfit in Ancient Greece, with long fitted dresses with a ribbon under the chest.

The richest velvets, damasks, brocades, embroideries … have dressed Europe’s history. These fabrics can be seen in portraits painted by famous artists such as Goya, Jean Cluet or Bronzino. Today, fashion continues using silk as it happens in collections of the most fashionable haute-couture houses such as Dior, Dolce and Gabanna, Francis Montesinos and many others that keep weaving the past into the future. 

SILKNOW online meeting

On the  5th and  6h of May, the SILKNOW team held an online meeting to discuss the project’s advancements. This meeting was originally going to take place in Nice, France at EURECOM Headquarters but, due to COVID-19, we had to hold it online.  Confined but active, we used these two days to explain each Work Package advancements and the interdisciplinary work they require.

The connections between the Virtual Loom and the modelling of textual annotations were discussed, we also began to coordinate the integration of new classes and properties with the expertise of our colleagues from CNRS-Université Lumière-Lyon 2.  This led to a discussion on the coverage of our Knowledge Graph as we want to consider also these objects that explain how silk heritage has evolved over time.  Next, our Italian colleagues from UNIPA explained to us how they are going to evaluate all the SILKNOW tools.  Finally, we saw for the first time how the Search Engine will be… but we do not want to let the cat out of the box!

These were two fruitful days, we showed that even in quarantine our team remains strong and still from our homes, we keep weaving our past into the future.

Job offer: Research assistant (Digital Humanities)


The successful candidate will be active in the planning and delivery of the research activity for this project so that the overall objectives are met. This will involve a variety of tasks: research, dissemination, preparation of reports and publications, planning and organization of events, day-to-day management, etc. Ordinary working languages will be English and Spanish. The candidate will commence work as soon as possible, after the selection process.

Deadline for registration of applications: 10 June 2020

  • Applicants must be graduates with a concentration on (preferably) Art History, or (alternatively) History, Humanities, Geography, Computer Science, or an equivalent degree in a Bachelor program.
  • No specific master’s degree is required, but advanced training (or demonstrable experience) in Digital Humanities and related disciplines will be highly appreciated.
  • Because of the administrative standing of this job offer, candidates with a completed PhD are ineligible. PhD students are welcome to apply, however.
  • Languages: candidates must be proficient in English (at least, a C1 or equivalent level) and have a working knowledge of Spanish. Additional European languages (especially, Italian and/or French) are a plus.
  • Applicants should provide proof of a background (or accredited experience) in all or some of the following areas: digital humanities, Linked Open Data, semantic web, data visualization, information management in museums and heritage collections, history of textiles, audience research, qualitative evaluation.
  • The offer has already been officially published in the “Diari Oficial de la Generalitat Valenciana” and (under submenu Investigador/a no doctor/a).
  • Applications must be presented at any registration desk in Universitat de València. Other legal registration procedures accepted by Spanish laws (including post offices) can be used, too. Outside Spain, submissions can also be made at Spanish consular offices or embassies.
  • Use as the first document the application form provided in the official call.
  • Attach a copy of your national identity document, and a photocopy of your university degree(s). In case of non-Spanish universities, please provide certification of its equivalence in the Spanish system.
  • Curriculum vitae. Any dossier of publications or similar supporting documents should be made available online, via a single link, when possible. At its discretion, the selection committee might require a candidate to provide additional proof of any item.
  • Motivation letter, approximately 500 words long.

If deemed necessary, an interview with the committee might be part of the selection process, be it online or face-to-face.

For informal enquiries about the position, please contact the project co-investigator Dr. Jorge Sebastián (

Given the special circumstances caused by the coronavirus crisis, do not hesitate to ask for help or guidance regarding any aspect of this job offer.

Further information (PDF)

SILKNOW’s Virtual Loom: enhancing creativity

Silk is way much more than just a couple of threads. It is the legacy, crafts, innovation, diplomacy and memory of Europe in just one piece. It unites tangible and intangible heritage in a history that can be traced in the past 2000 years. European silk heritage is linked to history, sociology and cultural production. These exchanges involved not only goods but people: artisans moving from one place to another, traders travelling throughout the routes, consumers adopting some fashions instead of others. Languages changed, too: the names for techniques and patterns were copied or translated between them, reflecting changes in society, technology…

For SILKNOW, silk is much more than textiles: it is the thread that brings ideas, creativity or life stories and collective narratives together. That´s why we are committed to protecting it by weaving the past into our future

In our Virtual Loom, creativity can be sparked: it allows artists and designers to upload their creations and see how they would be if they are woven or they can print them in 3D. But also, it permits to create new designs by applying the symmetry functionality, changing the location of the four points and adjusting the aspect ratio.

Virtual Loom website:

Check this video to know how Gemma Alpuente, a visual artist uses our VL